Mulberry Molars: Definition, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

In this article, I am going to discuss a condition called mulberry molars. If you want to know anything about it then keep reading this article.

mulberry molars

What are Mulberry Molars?

Mulberry molars are a dental condition usually associated with congenital syphilis, characterized by multiple rounded rudimentary enamel cusps on the permanent first molars. Mulberry molars are physically defective permanent molars. The deformity is caused by congenital syphilis. This type of abnormality is characterized by dwarfed molars with cusps covered with globular enamel growths. These teeth are functional but can be cosmetically fixed with crowns, bridges, or implants.

Externally, they look like a normal tooth but the deformity is in the grinding area. The size diminishes creating a stumpy version of the molar.


It has the following distinct and visible symptoms:

  • Deformity of permanent Molars
  • The pit is completely absent, in some cases shallow
  • Grinding Surface is corrupted


Congenital Syphilis is the most common cause of mulberry molars. It is a hereditary disease and passes from mother to fetus during pregnancy and chances are also that it runs in the family.

This condition is present by birth but shows off only after the permanent teeth have come out.

Some other causes include:

  • Enamel Hypoplasia
  • Deficiency in Tooth Enamel
  • Urinary Tract Disease
  • Cold
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Late Congenital Syphilis

Mulberry Molars Treatment

Mulberry Molars are usually smaller in size than normal molars. In this condition only the enamel is defective and the rest of the part including roots is normal.

Mulberry Molars don’t require any special treatment, you just have to visit a dentist to improve the appearance of the teeth.


In a severe form of cusp deformities, more thorough treatment is necessary. And, here I am going to tell you the 3 Treatment procedures for this:

  • Dental Crown
  • Dental Bridge
  • Tooth / Dental Implant

Let’s discuss them in detail for a thorough understanding.

1. Dental Crown

In this treatment procedure, bonds and veneers both are used as a dental crown to cover the front side of Mulberry Molars. The dental crown is a typical treatment method for the mulberry tooth which does not harm the tooth. (1)

In severe cusp deformities, dental replacement is the only option left.

2. Dental Bridge

In this, two dental crowns are applied that are linked via a bridge. Dental Bridge is a more suitable option than a dental implant because it is reversible. (2)

On the other hand, if your natural tooth is damaged or missing then the dental bridge is not a suitable option.

3. Dental Implant

When there is no treatment option left then the dental implant is the only option. In this, the whole tooth is replaced by the dentist.

The Bottom Line!

Lastly, I would like to say that if you notice any symptoms of mulberry molars and you want to treat it then visit your dentist as he or she can tell you exactly about the severity of the condition and which treatment procedure should be given.

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Author: Usama Azam

Usama Azam is a 1st-year medical student and a professional blogger. He writes on different health topics and has helped many people in improving their health.

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