What is Blood Pressure and How to Control it?

In this article, I am going to discuss all about Blood Pressure, the Symptoms, Causes and how to Treat it. Let’s start the discussion with a brief introduction.


The force exerted by the blood on blood vessels is called Blood Pressure. When the heart pumps the blood in the arteries, it actually creates a pressure so blood flows all over our body and we call it Pressure of the Blood.

What are the Types of Blood Pressure?

There are actually 2 types

  • Systolic ( High Blood Pressure )
  • Diastolic ( Low Blood Pressure )


I will discuss them in detail.

High Blood Pressure (Systolic)

It ranges from 110-130 in a normal and young individual. If it goes above, it is called High Blood Pressure.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Following are some of the common symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Visibility Problem
  • A headache
  • Difficulty in Breathing
  • Blood in Urine (severe case)
  • Pain in Chest
  • Irregular Heartbeat
  • Pounding in Ears, Chest or Neck

The only way to know that your Blood Pressure is High or getting high is through regular check-ups. But the above-mentioned symptoms will help you understand that there is hypertension.


According to the doctors and health experts, the following could be the causes of it.

  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • Lack of Exercise
  • Sleep Deprivation
  • High Consumption of Alcohol
  • Too much use of Salt
  • Certain Medicines
  • Depression
  • Tension
  • Anger


The simple and easiest way to treat it, just avoid the above-mentioned causes of it.

Here is a Quick Treatment…

If you see the symptoms of systolic pressure, eat or drink something cold. It reduces the pressure of blood in the vessels. It is advised that you eat ice cream, drink cold water or milk. This will give instant control and relief.

When you feel better, either go to the doctor or take the medicines if he has prescribed some.


Low Blood Pressure (Diastolic)

In a normal human being, it ranges from 75-85. If it goes below it then it is called Low Blood Pressure.

Symptoms of Low Blood Pressure

Given Below are some of the common symptoms of it:

  • Blurred Vision
  • Faintness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Lack of Concentration
  • Coldness
  • Pale Skin
  • Irregular Pulse


Following are some of the known causes:

  • Heart Problems
  • Pregnancy
  • Severe Blood Loss
  • Dehydration
  • Poor Diet
  • Severe Allergic Reactions
  • Certain Medicines


First, try to avoid the causes I have mentioned.


To control it quickly, you have to eat or drink something salty. It occurs mostly due to the low concentration of salt in the body. So to control it instantly, drink water by adding some salt to it.

Closing Statement…

I hope now you have at least some overview of the Blood Pressure but if there is still something unclear to you, feel free to ask me by commenting.

Author: Usama Azam

Usama Azam is a 1st-year medical student and a professional blogger. He writes on different health topics and has helped many people in improving their health.

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